The main mold manufacturing countries include Japan, South Korea and the mainland in Asia, as well as the United States in America and Germany in Europe. This article will introduce the mold industry morphology of various countries, and compare and analyze the differences in competitiveness between countries and China.
Among the major mold producing and marketing countries, the number of mold manufacturers and practitioners in mainland China is large, nearly 70% of them are state-owned enterprises, and foreign-funded enterprises also account for the majority. The number of employees in large mold factories is about 600-700, and there are companies with thousands of employees. The number of medium mold factories is between 150-300, and the number of small mold factories is at least 50. The mold industry in other countries is mostly operated as small and medium-sized enterprises.
In terms of product categories, in 2002, Japan and the mainland laid particular emphasis on the production of stamping dies and plastic dies, with a total output value of 80%. In South Korea, the output value of other dies accounted for 47% of the total output value. In the application market, Japan, South Korea, the United States and Germany are the bulk products, while China is mainly used for electronic communication products.
According to the import and export situation of various countries in 2002, the molds of Japan, South Korea and Germany are strong / quasi export super products, while the molds of the mainland and the United States are strong / entry super products because the domestic demand market is large and the domestic manufacturers cannot supply them completely, so they have to import molds to meet the product manufacturing in the downstream market. The analysis of major import and export countries in 2002 is highly related to geographical distribution. Most of the countries are neighboring countries. The most important part of Japan is the export area, mainly in the US. But with the rapid development of downstream industries in mainland China, the trend of Chinese mainland market has gradually shifted.
In terms of wages in various countries, according to the survey results of the white paper on mould industry made by the US International Trade Bureau in 2002, the hourly wages of technical personnel in Germany are. 13 ~. 28, and that of design personnel are. 91 ~. 26, while those in Japan and the United States are in the middle. The wages in mainland China are low, with the annual wages of technical personnel only 2 ~, 853, and that of design personnel only 927 ~, 853, if we compare German with a German benchmark of 38 days or so, we can see that the low wage cost gap between scientific countries and Chinese mainland is so great.
Analysis of advantages and disadvantages of different countries
Technical countries such as Japan, the United States, Germany and so on, for the development of high-precision and composite mold, whether in the design ability or manufacturing technology are good, but also has well-trained technical R & D personnel. Among them, Japanese mold manufacturers pay more attention to polishing and grinding process, while German mold manufacturers start from improving the accuracy and efficiency of machining and EDM to reduce the time of manual processing. In terms of market size, Japan's decline is obvious in terms of output value and domestic demand. In terms of operating costs, they often face the problems of high wages and high welfare. Therefore, downstream industries or mold manufacturers gradually move their production bases to neighboring emerging industrial countries or technologically backward countries, so as to reduce labor costs and enhance price competitiveness. However, such a trend often leads to doubts about the invisible outflow of technology, which makes them have to invest a large amount of R & D expenses to accelerate the upgrading and upgrading Technology and high-speed mechanical properties, widening the differences between each other.
Address: factory building in area a, the first and second floor of building B, 57 Huoju Road, Tanzhou town, Zhongshan City